Mann et al El Nino Reconstructions

Long-term variability in the El Nino Southern Oscillation and Associated Teleconnections

Michael E. Mann and Raymond S. Bradley
Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts

Malcom K. Hughes
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Published: © 2000, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge U.K.
Diaz, H.F. & Markgraf, V. (eds) El Nino and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and its Impacts on Natural Ecosystems and Society, pp. 357-412.


  • NINO3 reconstruction (GIF)
  • Comparison of NINO3 and SOI (Stahle et al '98) reconstructions (JPEG)
  • Comparison of NINO3 and SOI (Stahle et al '98) reconstructions (postscript)
  • Chapter:

  • Camera-ready version of chapter (pdf format)
  • Text (postscript file)
  • Figures, Tables, Captions (gzipped postscript files)
  • Data:

  • annual mean NINO3 series back to AD 1650 (reconstruction, raw data, and uncertainties)