Mann et al Northern Hemisphere Millennial Temperature Reconstruction

Northern Hemisphere Temperatures During the Past Millennium: Inferences, Uncertainties, and Limitations

Michael E. Mann and Raymond S. Bradley
Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts

Malcom K. Hughes
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona


Published: © 1999, American Geophysical Union
Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 26, No. 6, p.759-762

General Information:

  • NOAA Paleoclimatology Site
  • Univ. of Massachusetts Press Release and Press Kit
  • GRL Highlights
  • Science Nota Bene piece
  • Abstract of Article


  • Hemispheric Temperature Reconstruction in GIF (low res) or pdf or postscript


  • Manuscript and Figures in postscript or pdf format


  • Reconstruction (AD 1000-1980) and Associated Error bars
  • Instrumental series (1902-1998)
  • Individual Proxy Records

    Media coverage:

  • New York Times ("Science News" section)
  • ABC News
  • NBC News
  • ScienceDaily
  • CBC News (Canada)
  • Nando Times