## Course-Related
Readings

## Lecture 1 (Introduction):

## You should
review the governing equations for the atmosphere on a sphere, as we will be
drawing upon these equations in subsequent lessons.

## It is also *assumed that you have satisfied the statistics
requirement* for the major and are familiar with basic statistical concepts
such as the normal distribution and linear regression. NOTIFY THE INSTRUCTOR if you have any
concerns about that.

##

__Module 1: Climate Data and Statistics __

## Lecture 2-3 (Normal Distribution; Autocorrelation;
Extremes):

Review of Basic
Statistical Analysis Methods for Analyzing Data - Part 1 (from my online
course Meteo 469)

## Lecture 4 (Regression-Trends):

Review of Basic
Statistical Analysis Methods for Analyzing Data - Part 2 (from my online
course Meteo 469)

## Lecture 5 (Regression-Statistical Modeling):

Review of Basic
Statistical Analysis Methods for Analyzing Data - Part 3 (from my online
course Meteo 469)

** **

** **

__Module 2: Zero-Dimensional Energy Balance Model __

## Lecture 6 (Estimating global average temperature; Greenhouse
Effect):

Zero-Dimensional
EBM description (from* A Climate Modeling Primer*
by McGuffie
and Henderson-Sellers)

## Lectures 7-8 (Modeling Historical Temperature Changes;
Climate Sensitivity; Projecting Future Warming):

## Mann,
M.E., __False
Hope__, *Scientific American*, 310, 78-81, 2014.

** **

** **

__Module 3: One-Dimensional Energy Balance Model __

## Lecture 9-11 (Meridional energy balance; Atmospheric heat
transport; Snowball Earth; Hysteresis):

One-Dimensional EBM
description (from* A Climate Modeling Primer*
by McGuffie
and Henderson-Sellers)

** **

__Module 4: Role of Ocean Circulation __

## Lecture 12 (The AMOC; The Stommel
Two-Box Model):

Discussion
of Stommel (1961) Two Box Model of AMOC (section 11.4.2 in Haldvogel & Bryan chapter of *Climate System Modeling*, edited by K. Trenberth)

## Lecture 13 (“The Day After Tomorrow”; The Atlantic
Multidecadal Oscillation):

“What’s
Going on in the North Atlantic” by Stefan Rahmstorf, RealClimate.org

(you might also
check out the original article in *Nature Climate Change* by Rahmstorf et
al).

## Lecture 14 (Ocean Gyres and Heat Transport; The Pacific
Decadal Oscillation):

Discussion
of Stommel (1948) Model of Subtropical Gyre
(section 11.4.1 in Haldvogel & Bryan chapter of *Climate System Modeling*, edited by K.
Trenberth)

(you might also check out the original Stommel (1948) article).

*Wikipedia*
page on the Pacific
Decadal Oscillation (“PDO”).

*Skeptical Science* commentary “Is
Pacific Decadal Oscillation the Smoking Gun?”)

##

__Module 5: The El Ni____ñ____o/Southern
Oscillation (ENSO) __

## Lecture 15 (ENSO Basics):

*Wikipedia*
page on the El
Niño–Southern Oscillation (“ENSO”).

## Lecture 16 (The Delayed-Oscillator Model):

Discussion
of Delayed-Oscillator Mechanism (Section 18.3 in Cane chapter of *Climate System Modeling*, edited by K.
Trenberth)

## Lecture 17 (The Cane-Zebiak Model):

Original Cane and Zebiak (1987)
article: A
Model El Nino-Southern Oscillation

## Lecture 18 (Climate Change and El Nino):

__Module 6: Climate Modeling and Climate Change __

## Lecture 19 (General Circulation Models):

## (see also the ‘Ed GCM’
project description at Columbia University)

## Lecture 20-21 (IPCC Climate Model Simulations; Anthropogenic
Climate Change):

## IPCC Fifth Assessment Scientific Working Group
Report (2013) Summary
for Policymakers